After the death of Julius Caesar, Herod was appointed "king of the Jews," though his administration was not formally secured until after a series of military victories consummated by the capture of Jerusalem in 37 B.C. In The Gospel According to Luke (13:32), Jesus is reported as having referred to him with contempt as “that fox.” Much later he held part of Jesus’ trial. This Bible History Daily feature was originally published on September 25, 2017. Upon Herod the Great’s death, his sons were appointed rulers in his place. 1. James is the son of John’s mother, they’re milk kin according to Hebrew lore. Herod was appointed governor of Coele-Syria and Samaria by Caesar's representative. 1. Join the BAS Library today. Even though Herod intended to leave them his kingdom, they disdained him greatly. 93 C.E.) 2:1-18). Archelaus was made an ethnarch, a position slightly higher than tetrarch, which his brothers received. On the death of his father, there followed a turbulent period of in-fighting involving his brother and various Roman factions. Herod Antipas, son of Herod the Great, ruled from 4 BCE to 39 CE over the Jewish provinces of Galilee and Parea. HEROD ARCHELAUS. The Jewish king Herod the Great had many sons and one of them was Aristobulus. Herod’s Paranoia. King Herod is regarded as the most fascinating and appalling figure of the biblical world. Since Herod killed three of his own sons for plotting against him, you can imagine how this would have rung alarm bells for him. 3. Antipater was convicted of murder in Rome, so Herod changed his will so Archelaus would be his successor. That, along with their perceived imperious manner, picked up after having lived much of their lives at the very heart of Roman imperial power, often offended Herod. 59 C.E. Herod had a son whose name was Antipater. He would doubtless have been every bit as much of a threat to the Lord as his evil sire, had he succeeded his wicked father to the throne. Read More about Herod's Sons. 7 BC: Herod’s sons Alexander and Aristobulus were executed. 2. It was 4 BC, and Joseph and Mary learned this news in a dream (Matt. Herod Agrippa II was the son of Agrippa. was a king of Judea who ruled the territory with Roman approval. It was he who persecuted the church in Jerusalem and had the apostle James, the brother of John and son of Zebedee, put to death by the sword. 2:1-3) Understanding who Herod the Great was and the historical context surrounding the birth of Jesus illuminates and affirms the story recorded in Scripture. Click to enlarge. Why not join us right now and start your own exploration? August remarked that it was safer to be one of Herod's swine than one of his sons. The following year he was tried for plotting against Herod and Pheroras, Herod’s brother, and was executed five days before his father’s death. the two sons went with Herod and they were tried before Augustus in Aquileia. Biblical Archaeology Review tablet edition: Stay on top of the latest research! to 4 B.C.) Vicious Salome struck again, this time concocting rumors about the boys and turning Herod’s heart against his own sons. We Have Seen His Star in the East: What Was the Christmas Star? His kingdom comprised Judea, Samaria, Galilee, Idumea, Batanea, and Peraea, which was approximately the same size as the kingdom of David and Solomon. Dig into more than 9,000 articles in the Biblical Archaeology Society’s vast library plus much more with an All-Access pass. 19.8.2 §§343–52). While Judea was an … Credit: Biblical Archaeology Society. At the time Judea was a client state of Rome. [‘That is to say, things that you think you know, that it turns out you did not.’ – Donald Rumsfeld.] In the days of Herod, king of Judea…(Luke 1:5) Herod the Great was the son of a high-ranking official in the Hasmonean dynasty, which was ruling Palestine as an independent kingdom. executed James the son of Zebedee and imprisoned Peter before his miraculous escape. Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. Searching for Evidence Beyond the Bible, 53 People in the Bible Confirmed Archaeologically, Hanukkah, 1 and 2 Maccabees, and the Apocrypha, Herod’s Death, Jesus’ Birth and a Lunar Eclipse. to 4 B.C.) The great historian Josephus called him “barbaric,” another writer dubbed him “the malevolent maniac,” yet another named him “the great pervert.” Perhaps his basic character can best be seen by one incident in the year 7 B.C. His mother, Cypros, was from Nabataea, a wealthy kingdom in Jordan that included the city of Petra.A Roman force led by a general named Pompey waged a military campaign in the eastern Mediterranean in 63 B.C. Herod the Great's Kingdom. They also attracted the jealousy of their older half-brother, Antipater II, who deftly incited the aging king's anger with rumors of his favored sons' disloyalty. c. 72 B.C. BAS Library Members: Read Lawrence Mykytiuk’s article “New Testament Political Figures Confirmed” in the September/October 2017 issue of BAR. He managed to keep hold of his throne in the face of the many changes in the government at Rome. The people of Jerusalem, knowing Herod’s fears about usurpers, would have been alarmed as well, and so they were: “When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him” (Matt. 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