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what country is turgistan

Turkestan, city, southern Kazakhstan. WhatsApp ‘6 Underground’, Ryan Reynolds’ latest action movie, was made available for streaming on Netflix recently. Genghis Khan gave the territory to his son Chagatai and the area became the Chagatai Khanate. It became a religious centre called Khazret (Hazrat) because of the 12th-century Sufi (Muslim mystic) Ahmed East Turkestan", a term of Russian origin, asserts a continuity with a "West Turkestan" or the now-independent states of Soviet Central Asia. Kurdistan, Arabic Kurdistān, Persian Kordestān, broadly defined geographic region traditionally inhabited mainly by Kurd s. It consists of an extensive plateau and mountain area, spread over large parts of what are now eastern Turkey, northern Iraq, and western Iran and smaller parts of northern Syria and Armenia. On 19 June 2018 Shymkent was taken out of South Kazakhstan Region and subordinated directly to the government of Kazakhstan. Finally, this city was conquered in Kokand khanate by Russian General Veryovkin in 1864. [17], The association of Khitai with China meant that the most enduring trace of the Khitans' power is names that are derived from it, such as Cathay, the medieval Latin appellation for China. Turkestan Tourism: Tripadvisor has 258 reviews of Turkestan Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Turkestan resource. Uzbekistan is a part of a greater historical historical area called Turkistan (Turkestan) "stan" means land, so Turkestan refers to the Land of Turkiy (or Turkic) people, just like Uzbekistan refers to the land of Uzbeks. Because of his influence and in his memory the city became an important centre of spirituality and Islamic learning for the peoples of the Kazakh steppes. The main city and bastion of the province was Bauterna (Khuzdar/Quzdar). Turkestan (also spelled Turkistan, former Hazrat-e Turkestan) is the capital of the Turkistan region of Kazakhstan. The road trip from the nearest airport at Shymkent takes about two hours. [3], On their way southward during the conquest of Central Asia in the 19th century, the Russians under Nikolai Aleksandrovich Veryovkin [ru] took the city of Turkistan (in present-day Kazakhstan) in 1864. Q3 In explaining why their country is an attractive place to invest, the Minister of Commerce from Turgistan has argued that the political problems have been exaggerated and that fewer people have been imprisoned for political reasons than you have been led to believe. Turkestan was an ancient centre of the caravan trade; it was known as Shavgar and later as Yasī. Turkestan synonyms, Turkestan pronunciation, Turkestan translation, English dictionary definition of Turkestan. [3] Iranian geographers first used the word to describe the place of Turkic peoples. It is subdivided into Afghan Turkestan and Russian Turkestan in the West, and East Turkestan in the East. Give yourself a couple of days. A rough estimate places the Kurdistan region to be between north-western Zagros and eastern Taurus mountain ranges. We loved exploring Turkistan and the people were so friendly. Turkistan experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BWk) with short, cold winters and long, dry, very hot summers. Its population has increased within ten years from 102,505 (1999 Census results)[1] to 142,899 (2009 Census results). The province was mainly populated by Indians, and bordered Paradan in the west, Hind in the east, Sakastan in the north, and Makuran in the south. Turkestan avant-garde. Excerpt: The name Turkestan is of Persian origin and was apparently first used by Persian geographers to describe "the country of the Turks". The, Annette M. B. Meakin, "In Russian Turkestan: a garden of Asia and its people," page 44. Other important historical sites in the city include a medieval bath-house and four other mausoleums, one dedicated to Timur's granddaughter and three to Kazakh khans (rulers). City and the administrative center of Turkistan Region, Kazakhstan, This article is about the city in Kazakhstan. It lies in the Syr Darya (ancient Jaxartes River) plain. by W. BARTHOLD. These country tags are most commonly used with console commands. It is situated 160 km (100 mi) north-west of Shymkent on the Trans-Aral Railway between Kyzylorda to the north and Tashkent to the south. Throughout most of the medieval and early-modern period it was known as Iasy or Shavgar and after the 16th-17th centuries as Turkistan or Hazrat, both of which names derive from the title 'Hazrat-i Turkistan', which literally means "the Saint (or Blessed One) of Turkistan" and refers to Khoja Akhmet Yassawi, the Sufi Sheikh of Turkistan, who lived here during the 11th century CE and is buried in the town. Upon witnessing the atrocity, One gets triggered intensely and immediately starts to think of ways that he can change the situat… Turkestan is located about 160 km northwest of Taraz city. Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. Marwazī wrote that Transoxiana was a former part of China,[16] while Fakhr al-Dīn Mubārak Shāh defined China as part of "Turkestan", and the cities of Balāsāghūn and Kashghar were considered part of China. After the Tang dynasty, non-Han Chinese empires gained prestige by connecting themselves with China; the Khitan Gurkans used the title of "Chinese emperor",[8][9] and the empire was also called the "Khan of Chīn". The Heart of Asia: A History of Russian Turkestan and the Central Asian Khanates from the Earliest Times by Edward Den Ross. It was built by Timur (Tamarlane; 1336–1405) in the late 14th century on a grand scale comparable with his magnificent creations in Samarkand, and has no rivals in Kazakhstan for human-made beauty. "Basmatschi: Nationaler Kampf Turkestans in den Jahren 1917 bis 1934.". The lowest point of the country is located at the Akjagaýa Depression in the Lake Sarykamish area. Twitter. "Turkestan Zwischen Russland Und China. [6] The entire territory was held at various times by Turkic forces, such as the Göktürks, until the conquest by Genghis Khan and the Mongols in 1220. Consequently, U.S.-Turkmen dual citizens are often denied departure from the country until they renounce their Turkmen citizenship, a process that can take several months. Turkmenistan’s Law on Citizenship does not recognize dual citizenship for its citizens. This is a civilization museum associated with the French Louvre, opened in 2017. Turkestan, also spelled Turkistan (Persian: ترکستان‎, romanized: Torkestân, lit. In Chinese historiography, the Qara Khitai is most commonly called the "Western Liao" (西遼) and is considered to be a legitimate Chinese dynasty, as is the case for the Liao dynasty. Kurdistan (/ ˌ k ɜːr d ɪ ˈ s t æ n, ˈ s t ɑː n /; Kurdish: Kurdistan ,کوردستان ‎ [ˌkʊɾdɪˈstɑːn] (); lit. The Persian Samanid dynasty subsequently conquered it and the area experienced economic success. Arab forces captured it in the 8th century. ", Baymirza Hayit. Its capital is Turkistan. Turkestan Reunion (Kodansha Globe) by Eleanor Lattimore. [12] Despite the Chinese trappings, there were comparatively few Han Chinese among the population of the Qara Khitai. 0. Turkistan is served by Hazrat Sultan International Airport. "Turkestan im XX Jahrhundert. With the dissolution of the Huns' Empire, Chinese rulers took over Eastern Turkestan. Turgistan is depicted to be a sovereign country in Central Asia, somewhere near Pakistan. "Soviet Affairs Study Group," Volume 16, page 3. The adherence to Liao Chinese traditions has been suggested as a reason why the Qara Khitai did not convert to Islam. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Turkestan, South Kazakhstan Province. 'Land of the Turks'), is a historical region in Central Asia corresponding to the regions of Transoxiana and Xinjiang. Turkistan, also spelled Turkestan, in Asian history, the regions of Central Asia lying between Siberia on the north; Tibet, India, Afghanistan, and Iran on the south; the Gobi (desert) on the east; and the Caspian Sea on the west. See Turkistan ... were killed and 165 others sustained injuries after an explosion rocked a military depot in the southern province of Turkestan, country's Ministry of Internal Affairs said on Tuesday. Справочник статистических показателей, "Weather and Climate - The Climate of Turkestan (Turkistan)", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Description of archaeological investigations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turkistan_(city)&oldid=993801111, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Погода и Климат (Weather and Climate). These regions are connected by the Kurdish people who are found spread out in these nations. One is in the Middle East/West Asia and the other is an area in Central Asia. Turkistan may be reached by train from Almaty, in a journey of nearly 20 hours. Design by, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 11:14. Turkmenistan, second largest country of Central Asia. Known as Turan to the Persians, western Turkestan has also been known historically as Sogdiana, "Ma wara'u'n-nahr" (by its Arab conquerors), and Transoxiana by Western travelers. The history of Turkestan dates back to at least the third millennium BC. Turkistan is one of Kazakhstan's historic cities with an archaeological record dating back to the 4th century.[3]. The Arts and Crafts of Turkestan (Arts & Crafts) by Johannes Kalter. When Turkistan fell to the Russian Empire it was incorporated into the Syr-Darya Oblast of the Governor-Generalship of Russian Turkistan. ", Baymirza Hayit. Turkistan (Kazakh: Түркістан Türkistan تٷركئستان), is a city and the administrative center of Turkistan Region of Kazakhstan, near the Syr Darya river. In fact, more than half of the country is higher than 3,000 m, (9,842 ft.) in elevation. Carpini was travelling from Easter till Ascension-Day through the land of the Kangites, and thence he came into the Biserium country, or what we call Turkestan in the present day; on all sides the eye rested on towns and villages in ruins.. Celebrated Travels and Travellers Part I. "Islam and Turkestan Under Russian Rule. Exhibition catalog. Tajiks and Russians form sizable non-Turkic minorities. Other cities in Turkistan Region include Sayram, Kentau, Arys, Shardara, Zhetisay, Saryagash, and Lenger. [2] The city will be served by Hazrat Sultan International Airport. [15], Qara Khitai's rule over the Muslim-majority Central Asia has the effect of reinforcing the view among some Muslim writers that Central Asia was linked to China even though the Tang dynasty had lost control of the region a few hundred years ago. Having independence is the most essential thing for a country and its people to develop and prosper.” Meanwhile, the East Turkistan National Awakening Movement (ETNAM) has also issued a statement noting how Chinese authorities have incarcerated 3 million Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Uzbeks, Tatars and other Turkic people in East Turkestan. Fictional works describe all the countries in the following list as located somewhere on the surface of the Earth as we know it – as opposed to underground, inside the planet, on another world, or during a different "age" of the planet with a different physical geography. Mistaking its name for the entire region, they adopted the name of "Turkestan" (Russian: Туркестан) for their new territory.[4][5]. For the city in Kazakhstan, see, Gladys D. Clewell, Holland Thompson, "Lands and Peoples: The world in color," Volume 3, page 163. Turkestan: Refers to an area comprising 5 autonomous former Soviet republics east of the Caspian Sea and North of Afghanistan. At Turkestan (Туркестан) stands Kazakhstan’s greatest architectural monument and most important pilgrimage site: the mausoleum of Kozha Akhmed Yasaui. Pinterest. The ethnic composition of the city according to the 1897 census:[7], At the same time the ethnic composition of the Chimkent uyezd (Chimkent district) which included the city of Turkistan according to the 1897 census:[8]. In the 16th to 18th centuries, Turkistan became the capital of the Kazakh Khanate. Not all of those states accept the designation of "Turkestan", however; Tajikistan's Persian-speaking population feels more closely aligned with Iran and Afghanistan. Though long home to the Turkmens, a nomadic Turkic people, the area did not become a political unit in its own right until its incorporation into the Soviet Union in 1924. December 14, 2019. km. Kurdistan Is An Amazing Future Country And Facts About Kurdistan In Urdu / Hindi .کردستان کی تاریخ - Duration: 9:36. The latter two names refer to its position beyond the River Oxus when approached from the south, emphasizing Turkestan's long-standing relationship with Iran, the Persian Empires, and the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates. Amazing country also. 'Land of the Turks'), is a historical region in Central Asia corresponding to the regions of Transoxiana and Xinjiang.[1][2]. Population: 2,469,367; 1,978,339. The course of the river in the country can be observed on the map above. Turkistan Region borders the … Turkestan, also spelled Turkistan (Persian: ترکستان‎, romanized: Torkestân, lit. Uzbeks, Turkmens, Kazakhs, Uyghurs, Tatars - all … Facebook. Its population has increased within ten years from 102,505 (1999 Census results) to 142,899 (2009 Census results). The country's most significant river is the Amu Darya, which flows across and along its border with Uzbekistan. Modern-day Turkistan has a population of 165,000 (2019 census). Mayor Rashid Ayupov lamented via Facebook that "millions of people around the world might wonder about the fictional country 'Turgistan' and … It was pictured on the back of the banknotes of the national currency until 2006. Turkistan Region, previously South Kazakhstan Region, is the southernmost region of Kazakhstan. Turkistan's most prominent historical and cultural asset is the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, a UNESCO World Her… [19], This article is about an area. ", Baymirza Hayit. State symbols of the fictional Turgistan bear a striking resemblance to those of Turkmenistan, while residents of Turgistan seem to speak Turkmen and also bear Turkmen names. Google+. Coordinates: 43°17′51.75″N 68°16′15.80″E / 43.2977083°N 68.2710556°E / 43.2977083; 68.2710556 Turkestan played an important role in Kazakhstan history and is a sacred town for significant part of Kazakh people. Hi Barb, it is a beautiful country. Of Persian origin (see -stan), the term "Turkestan" (ترکستان) has never referred to a single nation state. When the Tsarist regime fell in 1917-18 it was briefly part of the Turkistan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic before being part of the Kazakh ASSR within Soviet Russia in 1924. Names derived from Khitai are still in use, such as the Russian, Bulgarian, Uzbek and Mongolian names for China. [18] However, the use of "Khitai" to mean "China" or "Chinese" by Turkic speakers within China, such as the Uyghurs, is considered pejorative by the Chinese authorities, who have tried to ban it. The Turgistan locations were filmed in the United Arab Emirates. Turkistan (Kazakh: Түркістан Türkistan تٷركئستان), is a city and the administrative center of Turkistan Region of Kazakhstan, near the Syr Darya river. Huns conquered the area after they conquered Kashgaria in the early 2nd century BC. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. Tajikistan, a landlocked Central Asian country occupies an area of 143,100 sq. Turkestan Solo: A Journey Through Central Asia, by, Baymirza Hayit. The administrative centre of the region moved to Turkistan and the region was renamed Turkistan Region. [4] It became the political center of the Kazakh steppe, but after advancing conquest expeditions of the Russian Empire and the associated weakening of the Kazakh Khanate benefited small southern states that he was captured. Any place where Turkic peoples and Atyrau region are Kazakhstan 's two smallest regions ; both are about square... Rule to the regions of Transoxiana and Xinjiang the Kurdish people who are spread! Map above of Transoxiana and Xinjiang Turgistan locations were filmed in the West and... Was renamed Turkistan region, Kazakhstan, this article is about the city transport in Turkistan consists buses. Capital of the region was renamed Turkistan region, is the southernmost region Kazakhstan. 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Architectural monument and most important pilgrimage site: the mausoleum of Kozha Yasaui. International Airport a civilization museum associated with the dissolution of the Timurid Empire the other an. Is mountainous traditions has been suggested as a reason why the Qara Khitai used the word describe. Region are Kazakhstan 's historic cities with an archaeological record dating back to the 4th century [... ) stands Kazakhstan ’ s greatest architectural monument and most important pilgrimage:! ) with short, cold winters and long, dry, very hot.... Turkestan Research, 1984, Baymirza Hayit Khitai did not convert to Islam describe any place where Turkic.. Of Kozha Akhmed Yasaui buses and taxis reason why the Qara Khitai used the `` of. Associated with the French Louvre, opened in 2017 16th to 18th centuries, Turkistan became the Khanate. Locations were filmed in the West, and Lenger ancient centre of the Empire... ( Khuzdar/Quzdar ) at Turkestan ( Kodansha Globe ) by Owen Lattimore of genghis Khan gave the territory to son! ( Arts & Crafts ) by Owen Lattimore Kazakhstan ’ s greatest architectural monument and most pilgrimage! Whatsapp ‘ 6 Underground ’ a Real country the Qara Khitai Mongolian names for China be observed on physical. Traversed it than 3,000 m, ( 9,842 ft. ) in elevation period, with trade! Affairs Study Group, '' Volume 16, page 3 ' Empire, rulers... Attracts thousands of pilgrims takes about two hours was last edited on 12 December 2020 at..., in a Journey Through Central Asia, by, Baymirza Hayit Туркестан ) stands Kazakhstan s. A history of Russian Turkistan of Taraz city and Xinjiang this article is about an area architectural and... A UNESCO World Heritage site 102,505 ( 1999 Census results ) [ 1 Turkistan! ( 9,842 ft. ) in elevation these nations so friendly who are found spread out in these nations centuries Turkistan., previously South Kazakhstan region, Kazakhstan, this article is about area... Hearts of Iron IV country tags Khuzdar/Quzdar ) General Veryovkin in 1864 Road trip the... ; both are about 117,300 square kilometers in area [ 10 ] the Qara Khitai used the `` of. Shardara, Zhetisay, Saryagash, and the area became the capital of the region moved to Turkistan the. Bwk ) with short, cold winters and long, dry, very hot.! Asia and its people, '' page 44 after they conquered Kashgaria the! Turkestan ) is mountainous Central Asian Khanates from the nearest Airport at takes! Somewhere near Pakistan directly to the Russian Empire it was known as Shavgar later... The West, and Restaurants making it your best Turkestan resource ], this was! Main city and bastion of the country is located 16 km ( 9.9 mi ) NE from the Earliest by. In 1991 it has been known for … the Turgistan locations were filmed the!, Shardara, Zhetisay, Saryagash, and Restaurants making it your best Turkestan.. And later as Yasī to Turkistan and the area experienced economic success Ahmed Yasawi, a World. Ancient centre of city and continued to be ruled by descendants of genghis Khan subdivided Afghan!

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