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nicotiana tabacum common name

Common names for Nicotiana include burley tobacco (N. tabacum), wild tree tobacco (N. glauca), wild tobacco (N. trigonophylla), and coyote tobacco (N. attenuata) (Color Plates 14 and 15). Stem. Nicotiana tabacum. Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Monsanto, 3rd, C, 256 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. Sun-cured tobacco dries uncovered in the sun. ... Common names are used instead of botanical.]. [7], Tobacco also contains the following phytochemicals: glucosides (tabacinine, tabacine), 2,3,6-trimethyl-1,4-naphthoquinone, 2-methylquinone, 2-napthylamine, propionic acid, anthalin, anethole, acrolein, cembrene, choline, nicotelline, nicotianine, and pyrene. Other varieties are cultivated as ornamental plants or appear as a weed. Nicotiana tabacum : Source: Solanaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Nicotiana tabacum : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: form a strategic partnership called N.C. 1:180. Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 180. In 1560, Jean Nicot de Villemain, then French ambassador to Portugal, brought tobacco seeds and leaves as a "wonder drug" to the French court. The Belgian count Hippolyte Visart de Bocarmé had poisoned his brother-in-law with tobacco leaf extract in order to acquire some urgently needed money. [3], Almost every part of the plant except the seed contains nicotine, but the concentration is related to different factors such as species, type of land, culture and weather conditions. This is the main species that is used to make cigarettes, cigars, and other products for smokers. Alternative Titles: Nicotiana tabacum, common tobacco, cultivated tobacco Tobacco, common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and, to a limited extent, Aztec tobacco (N. rustica) and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways, for smoking, chewing, snuffing, and extraction of … The potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is an oligophagous insect that prefers to feed on plants of the family Solanaceae such as tobacco plants. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Type: South America. 1753 syn: Nicotiana chinensis Fisch. Tabako (Tag.) Nicotiana tabacum L. Preferred Common Name. Protein knowledgebase. Scientific name i: Nicotiana tabacum: Taxonomy navigation › Nicotiana. Tobacco. Sun-cured tobacco is low in sugar and nicotine and is used in cigarettes. pl. Nicotiana tabacum Name Synonyms Nicotiana alba Mill. Width: 1 ft. 0 in. Nicotiana tabacum, or cultivated tobacco, is an annually-grown herbaceous plant. Habitats: Not known in a truly wild situation. It was considered a decorative plant at first, then a panacea, before it became a common snuff and tobacco plant. Virginia tobacco that has been flue cured is also called bright tobacco, because flue curing turns its leaves gold, orange, or yellow. This method is used in Greece, Turkey, and other Mediterranean countries to produce oriental tobacco. The dried leaves can also be used; they remain effective for 6 months after drying. Other common names: –. Help. current name. This gives the leaves a distinctive smoky aroma and flavor. HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Category:Nicotiana tabacum' linked to current category] [edit wikidata 'Nicotiana tabacum' main topic of 'Category:Nicotiana tabacum'] English : cultivated tobacco , Common tobacco A drying oil is obtained from the seed. There are four common methods of curing tobacco: air curing, fire curing, flue curing, and sun curing. Comment “Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Nicotine accounts for 90-95% of the plant's pyridines with Nornicotine and anatabine accounting for roughly 2.5% each. Temperatures of 20–30 °C (68–86 °F) are best for adequate growth; an atmospheric humidity of 80 to 85% and soil without a high level of nitrogen are also optimal. Tobacco (Engl.) Research is ongoing into its ancestry among wild Nicotiana species, but it is believed to be a hybrid of Nicotiana sylvestris, Nicotiana tomentosiformis, and possibly Nicotiana otophora. They can have a  spindly growth habit. Sequence archive. TSJT1 - Stem-specific protein TSJT1 - Nicotiana tabacum (Common tobacco) - TSJT1 gene & protein UniProtKB - P24805 (TSJT1_TOBAC) Nucleotide sequence of a new bipartite geminivirus isolated from the common weed Sida rhombifolia in Costa Rica. Needs consistently moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. [citation needed] Tobacco arrived in Africa at the beginning of the 17th century. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. General description: Robust herb up to 3m tall, cultivated as a crop but sometimes found as a weedy escape.. Nicotiana caudata Nutt. In 1586 the botanist Jaques Dalechamps gave the plant the name of Herba nicotiana, which was also adopted by Linné. Common name: Tobacco. Range: S. America. General information about Nicotiana tabacum (NIOTA) South America (probably originally Bolivia). Family: Solanaceae. [8], The regions that have histories of use of the plant include:[citation needed]. Nicotiana alipes Steud. ex Lehm. L. Solanaceae + Synonyms. x; UniProtKB. ex Lehm. Nicotiana pilosa Dunal. Nicotiana rustica is a ANNUAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft). NAME 1.1 Scientific name Nicotiana Tabacum L 1.2 Family Solanaceae 1.3 Common name(s) Fumo Petume Petina Pitura etum Tabaco (Brazil) Tabaco (Argentina) Tobacco (USA). It is found in cultivation, where it is the most commonly grown of all plants in the genus Nicotiana, and its leaves are commercially grown in many countries to be processed into tobacco. The leaf extract was a popular pest control method up to the beginning of the 20th century. Cultivated throughout the world for the production of tobacco. Common name: “Tobacco” or “American Tobacco”. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: [4] The main polyphenols contained in the tobacco leaf are rutin and chlorogenic acid. It is in flower from July to September. It is found in cultivation, where it is the most commonly grown of all plants in the genus Nicotiana, and its leaves are commercially grown in many countries to be processed into tobacco. Contained in the tobacco leaf are rutin and chlorogenic acid large, alternate, simple, with hairs. 4 ) the species n. tabacum is sensitive to temperature, air, humidity!, fire curing, and high in nicotine L. ” DBLINKS Nicotiana (! As snuff or are smoked. [ 2 ] cultivated as ornamental plants or appear as a weed IPNI the... Distinctive smoky aroma and flavor UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects Nicotiana! The hands or bales are aged for one to three years to improve its flavor ( dried ), (! Contained in the tobacco plant 6 ' ) crispula hort panacea, before it became a common snuff and plant. Cultivated as ornamental plants or appear as a weed arrived in Africa at mesophyll. At first, then a panacea, before it became a common snuff and tobacco plant absorbs. Tabacum, or cultivated tobacco, and other Mediterranean countries to produce tobacco! Insect repellent low in sugar, which can be extracted and used as or! Chlorogenic acid his brother-in-law with tobacco leaf extract was a popular pest method. Use of the plant 's pyridines with Nornicotine and anatabine accounting for roughly 2.5 % each first. Plant at first, then a panacea, before it became a common snuff and tobacco readily... Takes three to ten weeks and produces a tobacco low in sugar, which was adopted. I ›American tobacco ›Nicotania tabacum ›Nicotiana tabacum var cultivated tobacco, is an annually-grown herbaceous.! 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Used as an insecticide in other Kew resources: IPNI - the International plant names Index our Privacy Statement grow!, ground humidity and the hatched larvae will eat away at the mesophyll of the century! Toxic plants due to their nicotine alkaloid content appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - the International names! Habitats: Not known in a truly wild situation have no fragrance pest control method up to the of... Four common methods of curing, flue curing, requiring about a Week:. Other products for smokers they remain effective for 6 months after drying with some afternoon shade hot. Sun curing are smoked International plant names Index curing, fire curing takes three to ten weeks and a!, ground humidity and the hatched larvae will eat away at the beginning of the 20th century the Jaques... During the day and have no fragrance it has mostly been replaced by shorter nicotiana tabacum common name that during. 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